San Antonio officially the City of San Antonio, is the seventh-most populated city in the United. He was forced out of that office, due to threats on his life, by sectarian newcomers and political opponents in 1842, becoming the last Tejano mayor.. Other companies headquartered in San Antonio include: Bill Miller Bar-B-Q.
The October 1998 Central Texas floods were one of the costliest floods in United States history, resulting in $750 million in damage and 32 deaths. In 2002, from June 30 to July 7, 35 in (890 mm) of rain fell in the San Antonio area, resulting in widespread flooding and 12 fatalities. San Antonio and New Braunfels, forty miles to the northeast, are some of the most flood-prone regions in North America.
In Texas, the railroads supported a markedly different pattern of development of major interior cities, such as San Antonio, Dallas and Fort Worth, compared to the historical development of coastal port cities in the established eastern states. In 1877, following the Reconstruction Era, developers constructed the first railroad to San Antonio, connecting it to major markets and port cities. Texas was the first state to have major cities develop by railroads rather than waterways.
The viceroy gave formal approval for a combined mission and presidio in late 1716, as he wanted to forestall any French expansion into the area from their colony of La Louisiane, as well as prevent illegal trading with the Payaya. Differences between Alarcón and Olivares resulted in delays, and construction did not start until 1718. Father Antonio de Olivares visited the site in 1709, and he was determined to found a mission and civilian settlement there. He directed Martin de Alarcón, the governor of Coahuila and Texas, to establish the mission complex. Fray Antonio de Olivares built, with the help of the Payaya Indians, the Misión de San Antonio de Valero (The Alamo), the Presidio San Antonio de Bexar, the bridge that connected both, and the Acequia Madre de Valero. It was years before any Spanish settlement took place.
Males have a median income of $30,061 versus $24,444 for females. The median income for a household in the city is $36,214, and the median income for a family is $53,100. Of the total population, 24.3% of those under the age of 18 and 13.5% of those 65 and older are living below the poverty line. About 17.3% of the population and 14.0% of families are below the poverty line. The per capita income for the city is $17,487. Source:.
At that time, many of the older historic buildings were demolished in the process of this modernization. At the beginning of the 20th century, the streets of the city's downtown were widened to accommodate street cars and modern traffic.
The racial composition of the city based on the 2010 US Census is as follows:
The defense industry in San Antonio employs over 89,000 and provides a $5.25 billion impact to the city's economy. The city is home to one of the largest concentrations of military bases in the United States, and has become known as Military City, USA. The city is home to several active military installations: Lackland Air Force Base, Brooke Army Medical Center, Randolph Air Force Base, and Fort Sam Houston.
As stated above, the 2010 US Census showed the city's population at 1,327,407, making it the second-most-populous city in Texas (after only Houston ), as well as the seventh-most-populous city in the United States. The metropolitan area is bordered to the northeast by Austin–Round Rock–San Marcos, and the two metropolitan areas together combine to form a region of over 4.1 million people. Subsequent population counts, however, indicate continued rapid growth in the area. The 2011 US Census estimate for the eight-county San Antonio–New Braunfels metropolitan area placed its population at 2,194,927 making it the third-most populous metro area in Texas (after Dallas-Fort Worth metroplex and Houston Metropolitan Area ) and the 24th-most populous metro area in the US.
San Antonio has experienced two F4 tornadoes, one in 1953 and another in 1973. The 1953 tornado resulted in two deaths and 15 injuries. An F2 tornado will land within 50 mi (80 km) of the city on average once every five years. Instances of tornadoes within the city limits have been reported as recently as February 2017, although they seldom occur.
The city straddles South Texas and Central Texas and is on the southwestern corner of an urban megaregion known as the Texas Triangle. oʊ / Spanish for " Saint Anthony "), officially the City of San Antonio, is the seventh-most populated city in the United States and the second-most populous city in the state of Texas, with a population of 1,469,845. San Antonio ( / ˌ s æ n æ n ˈ t oʊ n i. It was the fastest growing of the top 10 largest cities in the United States from 2000 to 2010, and the second from 1990 to 2000.
His plan was approved, and notice was given the Canary Islanders ( isleños ) to furnish 200 families; the Council of the Indies suggested that 400 families should be sent from the Canaries to Texas by way of Havana and Veracruz. On February 14, 1719, the Marquis of San Miguel de Aguayo proposed to the king of Spain that 400 families be transported from the Canary Islands, Galicia, or Havana to populate the province of Texas. By June 1730, 25 families had reached Cuba, and 10 families had been sent to Veracruz before orders from Spain came to stop the re-settlement.
Growth along the Interstate 35 and Interstate 10 corridors to the north, west and east make it likely that the metropolitan area will continue to expand. Commonly referred to as Greater San Antonio, the metropolitan area has a population of 2,454,061 based on the 2017 US Census estimate, making it the 24th-largest metropolitan area in the United States and third-largest in the state of Texas. Due to its placement, the city has characteristics of other western urban centers in which there are sparsely populated areas and a low density rate outside of the city limits. Recent annexations have extended the city's boundaries into Medina County and, though for only a very tiny area near the city of Garden Ridge, into Comal County. San Antonio is the center of the San Antonio– New Braunfels Metropolitan Statistical Area. San Antonio serves as the seat of Bexar County.
San Antonio is home to six Fortune 500 companies: Valero Energy, Tesoro Corp, USAA, iHeartMedia, NuStar Energy and CST Brands, Inc. H-E-B, the 14th-largest private company in the United States is also headquartered in San Antonio. Other companies headquartered in San Antonio include: Bill Miller Bar-B-Q Enterprises, Carenet Healthcare Services, Security Service Federal Credit Union, Eye Care Centers of America, Frost Bank, Harte-Hanks, Kinetic Concepts, SWBC, NewTek, Rackspace, Taco Cabana, Broadway Bank, Zachry Holdings/Zachry Construction Company, Randolph-Brooks Federal Credit Union and Whataburger.
In addition, 63.2% of the city's population was of Hispanic or Latino origin, of any race.
San Antonio has a transitional humid subtropical climate ( Köppen : Cfa). The weather is hot in the summer, comfortably warm or mild winters subject to descending northern cold fronts in the winter with cool to cold nights, and warm and rainy in the spring and fall.
On May 1, the governor transferred ownership of the Mission San Antonio de Valero (later famous as the Alamo) to Fray Antonio de Olivares. On May 5, 1718 he commissioned the Presidio San Antonio de Béxar ("Béjar" in modern Spanish orthography) on the west side of the San Antonio River, one-fourth league from the mission. The families who clustered around the presidio and mission formed the beginnings of Villa de Béjar, destined to become the most important town in Spanish Texas.
May, June, and October have quite a bit of precipitation. Since recording began in 1871, the average annual precipitation has been 29.03 inches (737 mm), with a maximum of 52.28 inches (1,328 mm) and a minimum of 10.11 inches (256.8 mm) in one year. In San Antonio, July and August tie for the average warmest months, with an average high of 95 °F (35 °C). The lowest recorded temperature ever was 0 °F (−18 °C) on January 31, 1949. The highest temperature ever to be recorded was 111 °F (44 °C) on September 5, 2000. The average coolest month is January.
The Henry B. Over twenty million tourists visit the city and its attractions every year, contributing substantially to the city's economy, primarily due to The Alamo and River Walk. This number exceeded $300 million in 2012. Tourism employs 94,000 citizens and makes an economic impact of over $10.7 billion in the local economy as revealed in the Economic Impact Study conducted every two years by the San Antonio Tourism Council and the research team of Dr. Richard Butler and Dr. Gonzalez Convention Center alone hosts more than 300 events each year with over 750,000 convention delegates from around the world. Tourism also brings new annual revenues to the City of San Antonio and other governmental entities with the ho & mo tax, sales taxes and other revenues from hospitality agreements and contracts. Mary Stefl of Trinity University.
In San Antonio, 48% of the population are males, and 52% of the population are females. For every 100 females, there are 93.5 males. The median age is 32 years. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there are 89.7 males. The age of the city's population distributed as 28.5% under the age of 18, 10.8% from 18 to 24, 30.8% from 25 to 44, 19.4% from 45 to 64, and 10.4% who are 65 years of age or older.
This ranks the city 4th among Texas metropolitan areas and 38th in the United States. San Antonio has a diversified economy with about a $96.8 billion metropolitan Gross Domestic Product. San Antonio's economy is focused primarily within military, health care, government civil service, financial services, oil and gas and tourism sectors. Within the past twenty years, San Antonio has become a significant location for American-based call centers and has added a significant manufacturing sector centered around automobiles.
Upon his departure, the joint command of William Barrett Travis and James Bowie were left in charge of defending the old mission. These men were seen as "martyrs" for the cause of Texas freedom and "Remember the Alamo" became a rallying cry in the Texian Army's eventual success at defeating Santa Anna's army. The Battle of the Alamo took place from February 23 to March 6, 1836. The outnumbered Texian force was ultimay defeated, with all of the Alamo defenders killed.
A volunteer force under the command of James C. In a series of battles, the Texian Army succeeded in forcing Mexican soldiers out of the settlement areas east of San Antonio, which were dominated by Americans. Neill occupied and fortified the deserted mission. Under the leadership of Ben Milam, in the Battle of Bexar, December 1835, Texian forces captured San Antonio from forces commanded by General Martin Perfecto de Cos, Santa Anna's brother-in-law. In the spring of 1836, Santa Anna marched on San Antonio.
In the 1850s Frederick Law Olmsted, the landscape architect who designed Central Park in New York City, traveled throughout the South and Southwest, and published accounts of his observations. During this period, it remained a frontier city, with a mixture of cultures that was different from other US cities. Following the Civil War, San Antonio prospered as a center of the cattle industry. In his 1859 book about Texas, Olmsted described San Antonio as having a "jumble of races, costumes, languages, and buildings", which gave it a quality that only New Orleans could rival in what he described as "odd and antiquated foreignness.".
Natural vegetation in the San Antonio area (where undisturbed by development) includes oak-cedar woodland, oak grassland savanna, chaparral brush and riparian (stream) woodland. San Antonio is at the westernmost limit for both Cabbage palmetto ( Sabal palmetto ) and Spanish moss.
Juan Seguín, who organized the company of Tejano patriots, who fought for Texas independence, fought at the Battle of Concepción, Siege of Bexar, and the Battle of San Jacinto, and served as mayor of San Antonio. He was forced out of that office, due to threats on his life, by sectarian newcomers and political opponents in 1842, becoming the last Tejano mayor for nearly 150 years.
San Antonio receives about a dozen subfreezing nights each year, typically seeing some sort of wintry precipitation about once every 2-3 winters (i.e. Winters may pass without any freezing precipitation at all, and up to a decade has passed between snowfalls in the past. Snow was most recently seen on February 4, 2011 when 0.5 in (1.3 cm) of snow coated the city. sleet/freezing rain), but accumulation and snow itself are very rare. According to the National Weather Service, there have been 31 instances of snowfall (a trace or more) in the city in the past 122 years, about once every four years. In 1985, the city received a record snowfall of 16 inches (41 cm).
The U.S. armed forces have numerous facilities in San Antonio: Fort Sam Houston, Lackland Air Force Base, Randolph Air Force Base (which constitute Joint Base San Antonio), and Lackland AFB/Kelly Field Annex, with Camp Bullis and Camp Stanley located outside the city. Kelly Air Force Base operated out of San Antonio until 2001, when the airfield was transferred to Lackland AFB. San Antonio is home to six Fortune 500 companies and the South Texas Medical Center, the only medical research and care provider in the South Texas region. The remaining portions of the base were developed as Port San Antonio, an industrial/business park and aerospace complex.
San Antonio grew to become the largest Spanish settlement in Texas; it was designated as the capital of the Spanish, later Mexican, province of Tejas. When Antonio López de Santa Anna unilaterally abolished the Mexican Constitution of 1824, violence ensued in many states of Mexico. Mexico allowed European-American settlers from the United States into the territory; they mostly occupied land in the eastern part. From San Antonio, the Camino Real (today Nacogdoches Road), was built to the small frontier town of Nacogdoches.
Due to San Antonio's low density rate and lack of significant metropolitan population outside the city limits, the metropolitan area ranked just 30th in the US with a population of 1,592,383. According to the 2000 US Census, the city proper had a population of 1,144,646, ranking it the ninth-most populated city in the country.
According to the 2010 US Census, 1,327,407 people resided in the city proper of San Antonio, an increase of 16.0% since 2000.
The city is home to the five-time NBA champion San Antonio Spurs and hosts the annual San Antonio Stock Show & Rodeo, one of the largest such events in the country. Commercial entertainment includes Six Flags Fiesta Texas and Morgan's Wonderland amusement parks, and according to the San Antonio Convention and Visitors Bureau, the city is visited by about 32 million tourists a year. Other notable attractions include the River Walk, the Tower of the Americas, SeaWorld, the Alamo Bowl, and Marriage Island. The city contains five 18th-century Spanish frontier missions, including The Alamo and San Antonio Missions National Historical Park, which were designated UNESCO World Heritage Sites in 2015. San Antonio was named for Saint Anthony of Padua, whose feast day is on June 13, by a 1691 Spanish expedition in the area.
The city's population has nearly doubled in 35 years, from just over 650,000 in the 1970 census to an estimated 1.2 million in 2005, through both population growth and land annexation (the latter has considerably enlarged the physical area of the city). In 1990, the United States Census Bureau reported San Antonio's population as 55.6% Hispanic, 7% black, and 36.2% non-Hispanic white. Since the late twentieth century, San Antonio has had steady population growth.
After a Los Angeles buyout specialist purchased Builders Square, the company's operations were moved out of San Antonio. to Dallas "to better serve customers and expand business in the future." In 1997 Titan Holdings and USLD Communications had sold their operations to larger companies. San Antonio has lost several major company headquarters, the largest being the 2008 move of AT&T Inc.
Located about 10 miles northwest of Downtown is the South Texas Medical Center, which is a conglomerate of various hospitals, clinics, and research (see Southwest Research Institute ) and higher educational institutions.
In 1691, a group of Spanish Catholic explorers and missionaries came upon the river and Payaya settlement on June 13, the feast day of St. Anthony of Padua. At the time of European encounter, Payaya Indians lived near the San Antonio River Valley in the San Pedro Springs area, calling the vicinity Yanaguana, meaning "refreshing waters". They named the place and river "San Antonio" in his honor.
Bolstered by migrants and immigrants, by 1860 at the start of the Civil War, San Antonio had grown to a city of 15,000 people. By its end, the population of the city had been reduced by almost two-thirds, to 800 inhabitants. This led to the Mexican–American War. In 1845, the United States finally decided to annex Texas and include it as a state in the Union. Though the US ultimay won, the war was devastating to San Antonio.
The altitude of San Antonio is 772 feet (235 m) above sea level. San Antonio is located near 29.5°N 98.5°W. Census Bureau, in 2000 the city had a total area of 412.07 square miles (1,067.3 km2)—407.56 square miles (1,055.6 km2) (98.9%) of land and 4.51 square miles (11.7 km2) (1.1%) of water. It is about 75 miles (121 km) to the southwest of its neighboring city, Austin, the state capital. The city is also about 190 miles (310 km) west of Houston and about 250 miles (400 km) south of the Dallas–Fort Worth area. According to the U.S. The city sits on the Balcones Escarpment.
Due to marriages along the way, the party now included 15 families, a total of 56 persons. They joined the military community established in 1718. María Rosa Padrón was the first baby born of Canary Islander descent in San Antonio. The immigrants formed the nucleus of the villa of San Fernando de Béxar, the first regularly organized civil government in Texas. Several older families of San Antonio trace their descent from the Canary Island colonists. Under the leadership of Juan Leal Goraz, the group marched overland from Veracruz to the Presidio San Antonio de Béxar, where they arrived on March 9, 1731.
was a prominent figure. It represented Mexican expansion into the area. Widespread bankruptcy forced Leal Goraz Jr.'s army back into the current boundaries of Mexico; they fell into internal conflict and turmoil with neighboring entities. During the Spanish Mexican settlement of Southwestern lands, which took place over the following century, Juan Leal Goraz Jr. He claimed nearly 100,000 sq miles (153,766 acres) as Spanish territory and held some control for nearly three decades: this area stretched across six present-day states. San Antonio was designated as Leal Goraz's capital. With his robust military forces, he led exploration and establishing Spanish colonial bases as far as San Francisco, California.
50 on Forbes ' list of the Best Places for Business and Careers, with a ranking of 15th best market for job growth. In 2015, San Antonio ranked No.
Impounded in 1962 and 1969, respectively, Victor Braunig Lake and Calaveras Lake were among the first reservoirs in the country built to use recycled treated wastewater for power plant cooling, reducing the amount of groundwater needed for electrical generation. The primary source of drinking water for the city is the Edwards Aquifer.
The population density is 2,808.5 people per square mile (1,084.4 km2). About 405,474 households, and 280,993 families reside in San Antonio. There are 433,122 housing units at an average density of 1,062.7 per square mile (410.3 km2).